Whitewashing in American Households with “Fun-to-Wash” and “California Citrus” Washing Powders, 1910-1930

by Paul R. Spitzzeri As we commemorate Martin Luther King, Jr. on this national holiday, there is much to think about, whether it is those areas of progress made and those that are lagging in race relations or looking back on the history of race relations in our country in terms of overt and cover... Continue Reading →

“The Western Empire State”: A Report of the Senate Judiciary Committee on California Statehood, 15 January 1849

by Paul R. Spitzzeri After the seizure of the Mexican department of Alta California by American forces, concluded after the Battle of Los Angeles on 9 January 1847 (after which William Workman helped bring out the flag of truce) and then subject to the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo of 2 January 1848, discussion began about... Continue Reading →

“A School for Scandal”: A Letter from Agnes Temple to Thomas W. Temple II, January 1925

by Paul R. Spitzzeri Two years ago, the Homestead received a donation of Temple family letters, mostly from the 1920s, by descendant Ruth Ann Michaelis, whose father Edgar, was the youngest of the four surviving children of Walter P. Temple and Laura Gonzalez, owners of the Homestead at the time. These letters are fascinating to... Continue Reading →

Promoting Prosperity: “Southern California Business” Magazine, January 1926

by Paul R. Spitzzeri The Los Angeles Chamber of Commerce was an extraordinarily powerful promotional force in the region during the first decades of the 20th century, employing a large staff utilizing substantial resources through many programs to market the products of agriculture, industry, finance, real estate and other elements of business. One of its... Continue Reading →

Drilling for Black Gold with the Deep Sand Bulletin, 11 January 1929

by Paul R. Spitzzeri It is getting increasingly rarer to find operating oil wells in greater Los Angeles as oil companies cap wells, remove rigs, close fields and sell land for development that is more profitable than continuing drilling and extraction operations that result in low yields of crude. Ninety years ago, though, the region... Continue Reading →

Why Midterm Elections are Influential

by Steven Dugan During last year’s midterm elections Americans went to the polls to decide many races. Among them were the entire House of Representatives, one-third of the Senate, numerous governors’ races, a variety of state and local offices, and here in California, our usual slate of petition-driven initiatives. The Constitution calls for this two-year... Continue Reading →

Spanish-Language Theater Handbills, Los Angeles, 9-10 January 1929

by Paul R. Spitzzeri When it comes to finding material on live theater in Los Angeles that catered to white English-language speakers during the early part of the 20th century, sources are abundant.  Programs, broadsides, and other material are not uncommon and newspaper resources are easy to find.  This is one of the many reflections... Continue Reading →

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